Ultimate Goodwill pick-up: 1985 Legend of Zelda test cartridge

When I walked into the Goodwill Computer store, I wasn’t expecting to find one of the rarest Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) games in existence. Nor did I expect the game to go directly from a Goodwill store to my collection to one of the largest collection of video games in the world.

But within one month, it did.

In early summer of 2013, I glanced over the modest collection of Zelda catridges in the Goodwill Computer Store display case. $20 for Ocarina of Time, $35 for Majora’s Mask, $15 for The Adventure of Link, $250 for a strange cartridge of the original Legend of Zelda.

This seemed very unusual for a couple of reasons:

  1. The cartridge was yellow instead of the usual grey or gold.
  2. It had the words “test cartridge” written all over the front and back.
  3. There was a small drill hole towards the top.
  4. And it was $250.

I asked the store manager why an original Legend of Zelda cartridge was priced at $250 and yellow. I had a vague idea as to what it might be, but I wasn’t sure.

“Well, because… oh, $250. That can’t be right,” he said, taking the cartridge out of the display case and back to his computer to check the database through which they price their electronics. Because this cartridge was rare, it was supposed to be marked $850, but they decided to reduce the price a great deal to make up for the damaged condition.

I asked if I could hook up an NES console from the back so that I could personally test it. And sure enough, it booted up with no problem. I spent the next ten minutes comparing the cartridge to pictures on my smart phone of the test cartridges that were confirmed as authentic.

It checked out. So I purchased the game for $250 and spent the rest of day cleaning the outside of the cartridge and doing extensive research. What I learned was, at least to me, fascinating.

The History

Most gamers probably already know this, but licensed NES games were only produced with grey plastic or, if the game featured battery back-up, gold plastic. Unlicensed carts were produced with black, robin egg blue or sometimes gold plastic.

However, Nintendo also produced yellow-plastic carts for internal use at Nintendo Service Centers. These “test carts” were never made available for purchase by consumers. The Legend of Zelda was one of these “test carts,” and it was given to certified repair shops in the 1980’s for testing the functionality of their consoles.

According to a friend whose father was a certified NES repairman, certified service centers were only allowed to order two test carts– one to test refurbished NES consoles and one for visitors to demo the game.

Supposedly, the reason the cartridge I found had a hole on the top was because it was used on the service shop floor. As an anti-theft effort, the cartridge had a hole drilled through the top through which a chain had linked the cartridge to the console. This also explained why the label atop the cartridge was a bit peeled.

According to the aforementioned source, when Nintendo terminated the test cartridge program, they kindly asked shop owners to return the carts for a full refund plus $22.50. Most were returned and destroyed, but some owners opted to hold on to their test carts.

The game on the test cart is exactly the same as the one you’d find on any other Legend of Zelda cartridge. Mine had a save file called “Eric,” which proved that the cartridge still had a functioning save battery.

Nobody knows the exact number of Zelda test carts still in existence, but very few have been put up for auction in recent years. Because of this, many consider it the most valuable Zelda cartridge in existence (aside from prototypes of the original Zelda), with most recent sales ranging between $500 and $800.

What next?

Now that I knew the history and value of the cartridge, it was time to make a decision. My first thought was that I really wanted to hold on to it, forever. I’d found valuable Nintendo games in the past, like my complete-in-box copy of Chrono Trigger. But the Zelda cart was an entirely different kind of valuable. I would most likely never see this cartridge again in my life.

But because of my shifty living situation, my retro video game collection tends to move around a lot. And the thought of me dropping the game or losing it was terrifying. So I was split between two options: I could either hold on to a highly sought-after cartridge that I’m too scared to even touch or I could sell it for at least $500. I decided to sell it online.

I posted the game on a couple of online auction and video game sites and watched as about a hundred offers filled my inbox. Most were lowballs in the $100 range. But within a couple of weeks, I began narrowing down the offers to highest bidders, until I sold it to a buyer for $800.

Upon request, the buyer sent me the money without hesitation. And after I sent the cartridge, suspended in layers upon layers of bubble wrap and packaging peanuts, the buyer was ecstatic to add the cartridge to his collection. Because, as it turns out, he happened to possess one of the largest collections of video games in the world.

He requested that I not reveal his name, as many retro game collectors are very private about their collections. He asked that I refer to him as simply “a big fan of video game history.” When I opened an email he sent me that included a photograph of his retro game collection, my jaw dropped.

His collection includes complete sets of a dozen game consoles (including every retail NES title), over 450 systems, and now his very first Legend of Zelda test cartridge.

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This article was originally posted with nonexclusive rights on YahooAll photographs were taken by Barry Falls Jr. The rest of the article was written for My Vinyl Muse. 




A few sharp-eyed readers pointed out a some incorrect statements in this piece. Firstly, some games that contained internal batteries were not enclosed in gold cartridges; many were grey.

Secondly, the game was not necessarily produced in 1985. One reader pointed out that many NES cartridges had 1985 written on the back, but that doesn’t mean that the actual cartridge was produced that year. Supposedly, Nintendo didn’t start using the gold and white oval-shaped seal of quality until 1989.

Also, the Video Game Authority process is still controversial. While, I may have been able to fetch more money for the cartridge, some readers have asserted that by submitting to the VGA, I could be supporting a company that doesn’t always consider best interests of members of the retro gaming community. ‘Definitely an interesting point.


What I wish I had done with the test cartridge

A week after the test cart left my hands and it was over 700 miles away, I walked into my local game store, where the owner asked if I still had the cartridge. Pretty strange, considering I never mentioned to him that I had it. I told him that I sold it for $800.

“That’s a shame; I would have given you a thousand cash,” he said. He wanted one for his personal collection. It’s funny how things like that work out.

It got me thinking about what I wish I had done. Yes, the turn around rate I had on the game was less than a month, but the cartridge could have fetched a greater sum if had been a little more patient. And I could have gotten even more if I had it professionally authenticated.

I’ve already talked about my experience with the Video Game Authority (VGA). The VGA accepts sealed video games, encases it in a protective shell and gives it a grade based on its condition. But what you might not know is that they also authenticate rare video games, like test cartridges and prototypes. They return them with a seal and certificate of authenticity.

If I had my cartridge authenticated by the VGA and encased in an acrylic shell, I probably could have asked for $1,200. But what I really wish I had done was submit it to be authenticated, then held on to it for ten years. By then, it could be worth tens of thousands of dollars. Stranger things have happened in the retro gaming community.

It’s all something I’ll keep in mind the next time I walk into a Goodwill and find the one of the rarest games in existence.